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HAYNES® Alloys


HAYNES® 230® alloy is readily welded by Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW), Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW), Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW), and resistance welding techniques. Its welding characteristics are similar to those for HASTELLOY® X alloy. Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) is not recommended as this process is characterized by high heat input to the base metal and slow cooling of the weld.  These factors can increase weld restraint and promote cracking.

Base Metal Preparation

The welding surface and adjacent regions should be thoroughly cleaned with an appropriate solvent prior to any welding operation.   All greases, oils, cutting oils, crayon marks, machining solutions, corrosion products, paint, scale, dye penetrant solutions, and other foreign matter should be completely removed.  It is preferable, but not necessary, that the alloy be in the solution- annealed condition when welded.

Filler Metal Selection

HAYNES 230-W™ filler wire (AWS A5.14, ERNiCrWMo-1) is recommended for joining 230 alloy by Gas Tungsten Arc or Gas Metal Arc welding.  Coated electrodes of 230-W alloy are also available for Shielded Metal Arc welding.  For dissimilar metal joining of 230  alloy to nickel-, cobalt-, or iron- base materials, 230-W filler wire, HAYNES 556™ alloy (AWS A5.9 ER3556, AMS 5831), HASTELLOY S alloy (AMS 5838) or HASTELLOY W alloy (AMS 5786, 5787) welding products may all be considered, depending upon the particular case. Please click here or the Haynes Welding SmartGuide for more information.

Preheating, Interpass Temperatures, and Postweld Heat Treatment

Preheat is not required. Preheat is generally specified as room temperature (typical shop conditions).   Interpass temperature should be maintained below 200°F (93°C). Auxiliary cooling methods may be used between weld passes, as needed, providing that such methods do not introduce contaminants.  Postweld heat treatment is not generally required for 230 alloy.  For further information, please click here.

Nominal Welding Parameters

Details for GTAW, GMAW and SMAW welding are given here. Nominal welding parameters are provided as a guide for performing typical operations and are based upon welding conditions used in our laboratories.  

Transverse GTAW Weld on 1/2" Plate

Test Temperature Ultimate Tensile Strength 0.2% Yield Strength Elongation
°F °C ksi MPa ksi MPa %
RT RT 123.4 851 64.7 446 32.2
1600 871 61.2 422 36.6 252 36.9

RT= Room Temperature

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